Laufey: Mysterious Mother of Loki

In the stories of Norse mythology, Laufey stands out as a woman of intrigue and mystery. Only really known as …

In the stories of Norse mythology, Laufey stands out as a woman of intrigue and mystery. Only really known as the mother of the infamous Loki, Laufey’s story is not well known. This is interesting in itself as her son and his descendants basically bring about the end of the world.

Laufey Key Facts

SiblingsNot specified
OffspringLoki, Helblindi, and Býleistr
Old Norse nameLaufey
Other namesNál

Name and Etymology

Laufey’s name in Old Norse is based on the word “lauf,” possibly meaning ‘leaves’ or ‘foliage.’ This connection suggests a deep bond with nature, perhaps hinting at her dwelling or her intrinsic nature. The suffix “-ey” is often found in female personal names like Bjargey and Þórey. In this context, “-ey” is a singular version of the plural “-eyjar,” which translates to “island” or “islands.” Drawing from this, Laufey’s name can be interpreted as “the leafy island” or “the island of foliage.” This interpretation paints a vivid picture of a goddess deeply connected to nature, perhaps overseeing a realm of lush greenery and natural beauty.

Interestingly, in one instance, Loki is mentioned as Loki Laufeyjarson, not just Laufeyson. This addition of -jar, make me believe interpreting her name as meaning leaf/foliage-island/s, seem even more plausible.

Furthermore, Laufey is also known by another name: Nál. In Old Norse, “Nál” translates to “needle.” Given this meaning, it’s plausible to draw a connection between Nál and the slender, pointed leaves of pine trees, akin to pine needles. This interpretation not only reinforces Laufey’s association with nature but also paints a picture of a figure that embodies the delicate yet enduring qualities of pine trees, standing tall and unyielding amidst the harshest of conditions.

To illustrate the significance of the “-ey” suffix, consider the name of the Orkney islands. “Orkn-” stands for seals, and when combined with “-ey,” the name translates to “Seal Island.” This method of naming showcases the Norse tradition of combining nature’s elements with geographical markers, creating names rich in imagery and meaning.

Ancient roots

While Laufey’s name is deeply rooted in Norse mythology, there isn’t substantial evidence to suggest that it predates Norse myths or stretches back into older mythologies like Germanic or Gothic. However, the concept of giantesses and their roles in various mythologies is a recurring theme, suggesting a shared cultural understanding or appreciation for these powerful female figures.

Laufey Origins

Laufey’s role in Norse mythology is both captivating and somewhat elusive. Contrary to various modern websites and interpretations, the primary ancient texts do not explicitly label her as a jötun.

Laufey is the partner of Farbauti and mother to Loki. Contrary to many statements, it is not known if she is an Aesir goddess or a jötun giantess.

Furthermore, she isn’t listed as one of the Asynjur (Aesir goddesses) in the Nafnathulur (Names of things and people/gods) as the end of the Skáldskaparmál either. Thi sis also contrary to this being tossed around on many websites as a “fact”. There are no less than thirty Asynjur listed there, none of them are Laufey, or Nál

The only thing I personally find as a convincing argument for her being an Aesir is the naming convention used for her son, Loki. He is often referred to as Loki Laufeyjarson, named after Laufey rather than his father, Fárbauti. This maternal naming is unusual in Norse tradition and might hint at Laufey’s unique status or importance. However, it’s essential to note that despite these connections, Laufey has always been portrayed as a figure with a minor role in the vast tapestry of Norse myths.

Laufey Family and Relationships

Laufey’s relationships, particularly with her partner the jötun Fárbauti, are central to her narrative. Their union produced three offspring: Loki, the trickster god; Helblindi; and Býleistr. While Loki is well known, both Helblindi and Býleistr are largely unknown.


Laufey’s most renowned offspring is Loki, the trickster god. His adventures and misadventures are legendary within the Norse pantheon. While his lineage from Laufey is clear, the relationships and connections he shares with other figures in the myths are often intricate and not always explicitly defined in the ancient texts.

Helblindi and Býleistr

Loki is often associated with two brothers, Helblindi and Býleistr. The common assumption is that they share the same parents as Loki, but there’s no direct textual evidence to confirm this. They are mentioned as Loki’s brothers, but their exact parentage remains a mystery. This ambiguity leaves room for various interpretations and speculations.

It’s possible that one or both of them have different parents, a scenario not uncommon in the Norse pantheon. Indeed, many deities often have half-siblings from various unions. Another possibility is that they are step-brothers to Loki or even blood-brothers without sharing the same paternal lineage.

An intriguing point to consider is the mention of “Helblindi” as one of Odin’s names in the Grimnismál. Given the undeniable bond between Loki and Odin, a bond whose origins are somewhat mysterious, this shared name could offer a clue. Could it be that Helblindi is a link between the two, hinting at a deeper connection or shared history? While this is purely speculative, it’s a fascinating possibility that adds another layer of depth to the intricate relationships within the Norse gods’ realm.

Laufey Role And Depiction

Laufey’s primary role in Norse mythology is as the mother of Loki. For humans, Laufey’s presence is more ambiguous. While she isn’t directly involved in many myths, her indirect influence, particularly through Loki, is undeniable. Her personality, based on limited references, seems to be one of strength, resilience, and perhaps a touch of mystery.

Laufey Symbols, Artifacts, or Animals

There aren’t specific artifacts or symbols directly associated with Laufey in the ancient texts. However, given her name’s connection to nature (“Leafy Isle”), it’s plausible to associate her with forests, trees, or greenery. This association paints a picture of Laufey as a guardian or spirit of nature, overseeing the wild landscapes of the Norse world.

Mentions in Ancient Texts

Prose Edda

Title page of a late manuscript of the Prose Edda written by Snorri Sturluson (13th century), showing the Ancient Norse Gods Odin, Heimdallr, Sleipnir, and other figures from Norse mythology
Unknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Gylfaginning (‘The Beguiling of Gylfi’)

In this section of the Prose Edda, High introduces Loki as the son of Fárbauti, mentioning that “Laufey or Nál” is his mother. Furthermore, it’s here that Loki’s brothers, Býleistr and Helblindi, are first named. The matronymic Laufeyjarson (‘Laufey’s son’) is used to refer to Loki, emphasizing his maternal lineage. This matronymic reference occurs twice more in Gylfaginning and once in Skáldskaparmál.

Skáldskaparmál (‘The Language of Poetry’)

In Skáldskaparmál, Loki’s lineage is again touched upon. There he is mentioned as the ‘son of Fárbauti’ or ‘son of Laufey’. Additionally, Nál is referenced in the context of “Laufey or Nál”, further solidifying her identity and connection to Loki.

The mentions of Laufey and Nál provide valuable insights into the relationships and lineages within the Norse pantheon. The emphasis on matronymics, Loki’s surname being ‘Laufeyjarson (son of Laufey), from his mother is an interesting point.

Laufey is not mentioned as an Asynjur in the Nafnathulur

I’ve come across an often-repeated “fact” online that claims Laufey is listed among the Asynjur (Aesir goddesses) in the Nafnathulur. They are found at the end of the Skáldskaparmál. I felt compelled to address this misconception. Having read through several English translations, as well as an Old Norse version, I find this claim is inaccurate. Laufey is not one of the thirty goddesses listed there. We don’t known anything directly about her origins, and she could be an Aesir, or a jötun. As is often the case with Norse mythology, some of this knowledge has sadly been lost through the centuries.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who are Laufey’s children?

Laufey is the mother of Loki, Helblindi, and Býleistr.

Is Laufey a god or a giant?

Laufey is a jötun giantess in Norse mythology.

What does her name mean?

Laufey’s name translates to “Leafy Isle” in Old Norse.

Who are her parents?

Laufey’s parents are Nál and Fárbauti.

Is she mentioned in the Eddas?

Yes, Laufey is mentioned in both the “Prose Edda” and “Poetic Edda.”

What’s her relationship with Loki?

Laufey is Loki’s mother, and he often carries her name in various kennings.

Featured Image Credit: ancientreasuresbrand via Instagram

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Norse mythology enthusiast, Norwegian and living in Oslo next to a series of old Viking age burial mounds.I am also able to navigate and understand quite a lot of the old Norse texts and I often lean on original texts when researching an article. Through this blog I hope more people, young and old will get to know Norse mythology and the world of the Vikings a bit better.

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